Madan Mohan Malviya, born on December 25th in Varanasi, was an educationist and politician. With the virtue of his intelligence and remarkable role in politics he is also addressed as ‘Mahamana.’ He is the one who popularised the slogan ‘Satyamev Jayate‘. Below are 10 things you must know about him
1. With his excellent vision, this educationist’s main achievement was the establishment of the Banaras Hindu University in 1916, the largest residential university in Asia and one of the largest in the world and he served as the Vice Chancellor of the university from 1919-1938.
2. He propelled into politics after his first moving speech at the second Congress session held in Kolkata in 1886. He served INC as the President in 1909 and 1918.
3. Beside his role in the freedom struggle and politcs, his role in Education is profound. He found a highly influential, English-newspaper, The Leader published from Allahabad in 1909. He was also the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946. His efforts resulted in the launch of its Hindu edition in 1936.
4. He started writing poems under the pen name Makarand after he joined Allahabad District School and many of those were published in journals and magazines.
5. After leaving his school job as a Master, he joined as the editor of the nationalist weekly and remained there over two years till he left for Allahabad for his L.L.B.
6. He has played an important role in the freedom struggle of India. Malviya was an important figure in the Non-cooperation Movement. In 1928 he joined Lala Lajpat Rai, Jawaharlal Nehru and many others in protesting against the Simon Commission. Malaviya was a delegate at the First Round Table Conference in 1930. However, during the Civil Disobedience Movement, he was arrested in 1932, along with 450 other Congress volunteers in Delhi. He later started the Congress Nationalist Party along with Madhav Shrihari Aney.
7. His journalistic career began in 1887 as the Editor of the Hindi daily, “Hindosthan”. In 1889, he became the Editor of the “Indian Union.” In 1910, Malaviyaji started the Hindi paper ‘Maryada‘. He also started Sanatana Dharma from BHU, a magazine dedicated to religious, dharmic interests.
8. Also, he played a major role in the removal of untouchability and in giving direction to the Harijan movement. Malaviya asserted –“if you admit internal purity of human soul, you or your religion can never get impure or defiled in any way by touch or association with any man.”
9. He also started a Scouting inspired organisation called Seva Samithi along with Justice Vivian Bose, Hridyanath Kunzru, Girija Shankar Bajpai, Annie Besant and George Arundale in 1913.
10. Malviya popularised the slogan Satyamev Jayate which means Truth alone with triumph. A postage stamp in his honour was issued in 1961, as a tribute on his 100th birth anniversary. He also started the tradition of Aarti at Har ki Pauri Haridwar to the sacred Ganga River which is performed till date. He was honored Bharat Ratna posthumously, on December 24, 2014.