1. Jana Gana Mana… Is This Really Supposed To Be Our National Anthem?
Jana Gana Mana written by Gurudev Rabindra Nath Tagore is considered to be penned down to pay homage to the Emperor. Jana Gana Mana’ was written down to praise King George V.
He sang the song on December 27th, 1911 at Calcutta on the day of Indian National Congress Convention that was also attended by the King.
So what does this Jana Gana Mana actually means? Jana gana mana adhinaayak jaya he: Who is this “adhinayak” (super hero) of “Jana gana mana” (in the minds of the people)? Bharat Bhaagya Vidhata: Who exactly is our “Bhaagya Vidhata” (lord of destiny)?
Gaye tava jaya gaatha: Who is this “Tava” (your) whose “jaya gaatha” (story of victory) we all sing? that it was originally written to welcome and praise King George V !! The “Adhinayaka“, our “Bhaagya Vidhata” is King Geroge V, and it is the King of England’s “Jaya Gaatha” that we sing every morning in our schools!
2. Why Was Jana Gana Mana Chosen As Our National Anthem?
Nehru chose the present national anthem as opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play!!! Today for that matter bands have advanced and they can very well play any music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far better composition in praise of our dear Motherland India.
3. Facts About Our India National Flag
National flag was hoisted first on August 7, 1906 at the Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta. The flag was composed of horizontal strips of red, yellow and green. The red strip at the top had eight white lotuses embossed on it in a row. The green strip had a white sun on the left and a white crescent and star on the right.
The current flag has three colors in it. The top strip saffron stands for courage and sacrifice; the middle portion white for peace, truth, purity and green for faith, fertility and chivalry. The Ashok Chakra at the centre of the flag — righteousness. It is said that the first version of the current national flag was made by Pingali Venkayya at Bezwada in 1921. It was made up of two colors-red and green-representing the two major communities. Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip to represent the remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolize progress of the Nation.
4. During Independence When And Where Was Our India Flag Hoisted?
Mountbatten chose the day since Aug 15 as it also commemorated the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied Forces. North Korea, South Korea, Bahrain and Republic of the Congo share their independence day with India.
Every year, Independence Day celebrations are officially carried out at the Red Fort, Delhi – a tradition that is believed to be followed since August 15th 1947. However, a research paper published by the Lok Sabha secretariat stated that the Prime Minister, Nehru unfurled the Indian flag and spoke from the Red Fort on 16th August 1947, not 15th August 1947.
5. Jawaharlal Nehru.. Is Nehru Supposed To Be Our First Prime Minister?
There were nominations from the Congress committee for the PM position.
On the contrary, 12 out of 15 Congress committees nominated Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. The remaining three Congress committees did not nominate any body’s name.
Mahathma Gandhi requested for proposers for Nehru. Gandhi conveyed to Nehru that no PCC has nominated his name and that only a few CWC members have nominated him.
Nehru was defiant and made it clear that he will not play second fiddle to anybody.
Disappointed Gandhi gave into Nehru’s obduracy and asked Sardar Patel to withdraw his name.
Sardar Patel had immense respect for Gandhi and he withdrew his candidature without wasting any time.
And it paved the way for the coronation of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru as India’s first Prime Minister.
But why did Gandhi overlook the overwhelming support for Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel?
Gandhi had a ‘soft corner’ for Nehru since beginning and he had preferred Nehru over Sardar Patel at least twice before 1946 for the post of Congress president.
Gandhi chose Nehru over Patel because of two main reasons:
1. Gandhi believed a foreign educated Nehru with modern thoughts had an edge over Patel who, according to him, was orthodox in his thoughts.
2. Gandhi feared Nehru would revolt in case he was denied PM’s post and that would give the British an excuse to delay transfer of power. On the other hand, he was fully convinced of Sardar Patel’s loyalty. He knew Sardar Patel was a true patriot and would never play a spoilsport.