A Surgical Strike made easy for you to understand

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Indian Army conducted Surgical Strikes on terror launch pads at the LoC on Wednesday night, the DGMO said on Thursday in a press briefing. After the strikes tensions have escalated in both the nations and border villages stretching to 10 km  in Jammu, Punjab, west Rajasthan are undergoing an emergency evacuation as a precautionary measure.

The Surgical strikes were carried out based on specific intelligence input of terror groups ready to infiltrate into India and carry out terror attacks in the near future in India. Seven terror launch pads were targeted across the LoC by special forces of the Indian Army during the ‘surgical strike’.

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The media in both countries is now hotly debating the terminology.

So, what is a surgical strike and why is it important?

A Surgical Strike is defined as a military attack intended to inflict damage on a specific target, with little or no collateral damage to surrounding areas.

Precision bombing is an example of a surgical strike carried out by aircraft – it can be contrasted against carpet bombing, where the latter high collateral damage and a wide range of destruction over an affected area which may or may not include high civilian casualties.

A Surgical Strike does not mean war. It allows the military to go on the offensive and send a message while preventing full-blown war.

Here’s How the Doval War-room looked like on Wednesay Night

Thursday morning’s anti-terror operation along and near the Line of Control in Kashmir was a test case for the new standard operating procedures that national security adviser Ajit Doval wants to put in place for a long-term strategy to neutralise the menace of cross-border terrorism.

As part of the new standard operating procedures, defence minister Manohar Parrikar, the chief of the army staff, Gen. Dalbir Singh, and Doval micro-managed the entire operation from the “war room” in a part of South Block that houses the ministry of defence.

  • A source present in South Block said the trio arrived separately, so as not to arouse any suspicion, between 11pm and 11.30pm yesterday and stayed till almost dawn. The source described the atmosphere in the war room as akin to the night in the White House when Osama Bin Laden was killed by US Special Forces.
  • According to this source, who had access to the war room, the army first targeted terror training camps up to 20km deep inside Pakistan-occupied Kashmir with heavy artillery. The terrorists scattered under the surprise artillery fire.
  • These stragglers were then tracked by drones until they took shelter in launching pads along the Line of Control, about a dozen terrorists at each launching pad.
  • Para commandos or Special Forces then crossed the Line of Control up to 2km and killed them.
  • The source said the casualties among the terrorists could be much higher than the 38 deaths being talked about. The occupancy of terror training camps is not tabulated like that of army camps.
  • When these occupants scrambled for safety, some were shredded as they ran and others were butchered after they sought refuge in the launching pads along the Line of Control. The actual number of casualties may never be known.
  • Privately, sources in South Block are putting the terrorist casualties at a minimum of 60. At least 10 Pakistani army personnel, rangers sent in truckloads to repulse the Special Forces who had crossed the Line of Control from the Indian side, were killed. There is no corroboration for these figures.
  • Shocking though it may sound, India did not have standard operating procedures for such operations or any major crisis until the dawn of the millennium. After an Indian Airlines plane was hijacked from Kathmandu to Amritsar and eventually to Kandahar, Brajesh Mishra, who was Doval’s predecessor four times removed, put such procedures in place.
  • Realising that the episode of Indian Airlines flight 814 was a fiasco from start to finish, Mishra’s standard operating procedures gave local personnel, including army commanders and paramilitary forces, the decisive say in handling crises.

It would appear that the standard operating procedures for the raid into Pakistan have been a success, but sources said outcomes would always be determined by prevailing circumstances.
Loosely, Doval’s strategy is a fallback to the pre-Atal Bihari Vajpayee government’s efforts to deal with all crises through a “crisis management group” dominated by bureaucrats.