CAA-NPR-NRC not same but why people are confused?


We are the citizens of India and we have every right to say what we feel. This is the kind of democracy that our country provides, that’s why we are the largest democracy of the world. But are we using this democracy for the right kind of protest?

We as a citizen has the responsibility of keeping our public property safe. But with the ongoing protest across the nation over the implementation of the Citizen Amendment Act does not show that we are a responsible citizen. That’s a shame for each and everybody that belong to this largest democratic nation that how we presenting our country to the outside world.

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But the question arises why this protest is happening? Is everybody aware of what is the link between CAA-NPR-NRC?

Let me tell you that there is no link between the three bills or acts. Confusions prevailing over the CAA is partly due to the fact that the act is passed around the time when the government will update the NPR and conduct census 2021.

What is CAA- Citizen Amendment Act?

The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 was passed on December 11, 2019. This act will help minorities of Muslim countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan to become citizens of India. The minorities entitles Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians facing religious persecution in the three nations, to seek Indian citizenship, highlights the exclusion of Muslims.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act grants citizenship to the Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Parsis — from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh who had arrived in India before 31 December 2014.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act does not apply to tribal areas of Tripura, Mizoram, Assam and Meghalaya because of being included in the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

What is NPR?

NPR stands for “National Population Register”. The NPR is a register of residents of India where the enumerator collects demographic and biometric data of individuals living at the place of enumeration for six months or more. NPR was framed by the central government under the Citizenship Act, 1955 in 2003 called the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.

This census is conducted every 10 years. The NPR process collects demographic and biometric particulars of individuals. Both processes involve door-to-door enumeration but NPR differs from the Census in the sense that its objective is to have a comprehensive identity database of those residing in India.

What is NRC?

NRC means National Register of Indian Citizens. NRC is an official record of those who are legal Indian citizens. It includes demographic information about all those individuals who qualify as citizens of India as per the Citizenship Act, 1955.

The National Register of Indian Citizens is prepared by carrying throughout the country. It requires house-to-house enumeration for collection of specified particulars relating to each family and individual, residing in a local area including the Citizenship status.

The particulars collected of every family and individual in the Population Register is verified and scrutinized by the Local Registrar.

As per the Citizenship Act, 1955, every person born in India:

(a) on or after the 26th day of January 1950, but before the 1st day of July 1987;

(b) on or after the 1st day of July 1987, but before the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and either of whose parents is a citizen of India at the time of his birth;

(c) on or after the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, where-

(i) both of his parents are citizens of India; or

(ii) one of whose parents is a citizen of India and the other is not an illegal migrant at the time of his birth, shall be a citizen of India by birth.

Is there any link between CAA-NPR-NRC?

Apparently there is no link between the three. “NPR is a population registrar and not a citizens’ registrar. NPR has nothing to do with NRC,” Javadekar said.