By Ctizen Journalist Advocate Tanveer Bhat
According to Constitution (Drafted by Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar) The Constitution of India not only grants equality to women but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women for neutralizing the cumulative socio-economic, education and political disadvantages faced by them.
• Article 14 guarantees that the State shall not deny equality before the law and equal protection of the laws
• Article 15 prohibits discrimination against any citizen on the ground of sex
• Article 15 (3) empowers the State to make positive discrimination in favour of women and children
• Article 16 provides for Equality of Opportunity in matters of public employment
• Article 23 prohibits trafficking in human beings and forced labour
• Article 39 (a) and (d) enjoins the State to provide equal means of livelihood and equal pay for equal work
• Article 42 enjoins upon the State to make provisions for securing just and humane conditions of work, and for maternity relief
• Article 51A(e) imposes a Fundamental Duty on every citizen to renounce the practices derogatory to the dignity of women
• Article 243D (3) provides that not less than 1/3rd of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Panchayat to be reserved for women, and such seats to be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Panchayat
• Article 243T(3) provides that not less than 1/3rd of the total number of seats to be filled by direct election in every Municipality shall be reserved for women and such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in a Municipality
• Article 243T(4) provides reservation of offices of Chairperson in Municipalities for Women in such manner as the legislature of a State. Babasaheb introduced The Hindu Code Bill, in 1948 for women empowerment.
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