After a drought of nearly 200 days, Chennai got monsoon showers recently. But this has not relieved the water emergency in Tamil Nadu’s capital.
Conflicts over water have been accounted for from various sections of the city and firms in Chennai’s Information Technology Park have asked workers to either work from home or bring their very own water. The state government and the city’s district have accused the emergency of the insufficient Northeast Monsoon in October-November a year ago. They are not totally off-base.
But the reality likewise is that in the previous five years, Chennai’s water supply has reliably missed the mark regarding the city’s necessity. The Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board had to supply just 830 million liters per day (mld) as against the need of around 1,200 mld.
This year, the organization’s water supply plunged to 550 mld.
Chennai city falls in the rain shadow area. It gets more than 80 percent of its water from the Northeast Monsoon. Previously, this water was put away in ponds, waterways, and lakes which would limit the run-off that a beachfront city is vulnerable to.
In addition, as per an investigation by analysts at the geology branch of Chennai’s Anna University, the city had in excess of 60 huge water bodies at the turn of the twentieth century. The Buckingham canal and the streams, Adyar and Cooum covered Chennai. At present, Tamil Nadu’s capital today has just 28 water bodies, enormous or little.
The Pallikaranai marshland which used to spread over in excess of 6,000 hectares has contracted to around 650 hectares. A parliamentary board that enquired into the reasons for the Chennai floods in 2015, for instance, revealed that that land business had “usurped” the city’s water bodies.
Today, Chennai gets its water from four reservoirs, which have gone dry after the retreating monsoon failed a year ago. Chennai’s desalination plants can scarcely supply a fifth of the city’s water necessities.
Chennai is among the 21 Indian urban areas which the Niti Aayog fears will come up short on groundwater by 2020. The city’s water emergency exposes a basic test for the new Jal Shakti ministry.
It needs to assume the main job in settling the strain in India’s momentum between the formative needs of individuals and water security goals. The new service should begin by organizing with local experts and authorities in Chennai to revive the city’s aquifers.