The 6,000-year-old, Gayatri Mantra is the most common verses that is recited by Hindu around the world. Even, a Hindu who do not worship regularly will know this Mantra. But do you know anything about this mantra. Here is all you need to know:
Gayatri Mantra was composed by sage Vishwamitra and it was found in ‘Rigveda‘
This verse is called the Gayatri mantra possibly because it is composed in the poetic meter called Gayatri.
Though, we start the mantra with “oṃ bhūrbhuvassuvaḥ” but originally the mantra is “tat saviturvareṇyam | bhargo devasya dhīmahi | dhiyo yo naḥ pracodayāt ||“
The first verse” oṃ bhūrbhuvassuvaḥ ” was added in Yajurveda.
In Sanskrit, every word has several meanings which is
savituḥ = the sun; literalley “one who permits”, “one who stimulates”, “one who vivifies”
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vareṇyam = best, excellent, worthy of the highest respect
bhargaḥ = light, lustre, radiance
devasya = of god, of the lord, of the deity
dhīmahi = (we) meditate, contemplate
dhiyaḥ = intellect, wisdom, mind, consciousness
yaḥ = the one who, he who
naḥ = to us, for us
pracodayāt = (one who) inspires, motivates, stimulates, empowers
The simple English translation of Gayatri Mnatra is “We meditate on the wonderful radiance of the sun god, who stimulates our mind.“
Clearly, the Gayatri mantra is a prayer to the Supreme, in the form of the sun, which stimulates our mind and empowers us. Just like the sun wakes us up every morning, we pray that the Supreme light wakes up our intellect. It is indeed a prayer for internal strength.