There are many problems that Indians are not taking seriously and one of them is the reduction of underground water resources. Recently NASA published a report according to which a very huge amount of underground water has disappeared.
During the past decade, groundwater beneath the northern Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan has decreased by more than 88 million acre-feet. That’s nearly eight times the amount held in Lake Mead, the largest reservoir in the United States. Now at risk of experiencing severe shortages of this vital resource are the 120 million inhabitants of those regions.
Using NASA’s twin GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) satellites, scientists measured tiny shifts in the Earth’s gravitational field to determine the rate of groundwater change in India. Areas that had slightly less mass due to a net loss of groundwater and therefore exhibited a weaker gravitational pull on the orbiting satellites. The areas that had greater mass and a stronger gravitational pull due to a net gain. A video has also been released to show how India’s groundwater supply declined over the six-year period between 2002 and 2008.
There needs to be more awareness about this problem and methods of harvesting rainwater need to be taught to the common people in simple and understandable ways, so that everyone is able to make their contribution towards saving water and saving ourselves from nationwide water crisis. We Indians should take some essential steps before it is too late.