Ranbireshwar temple is about 200 years old. It was constructed under the reign of Maharaja Ranbir Singh and is named after the king itself. He was the son of Maharaja Gulab Singh and while he was alive, he handed over his kingdom to his son (Maharaja Ranbir Singh). So, most of the temples present in the state were constructed by Maharaja Ranbir Singh.
Reason behind constructing the temple
According to an ancient legend, there was a saint Baba Nath ji who used to worship under a tree at this particular place and once he saw in his dream that the place belongs to Lord Shiva. The sanyasi advised the king to construct a temple and in this way Ranbireshwar Shiva temple with the biggest Shiv Lingam in the north India was constructed. There are various ‘lingams’ which were brought from Narmada River. Narmada lingams are considered to be true lingams which are believed to keep our consciousness alive. The first 11 lingams that we notice as soon as we enter the temple premises are Narmada shivlings and all these are brought from the Narmada stream in Jabalpur.
As per the head priest of the Ranbireshwar temple, there was a conflict between the Maharaja Ranbir Singh and the Kings of Leh, Ladakh and whenever the king used to send his army to the Ladakh region, they always returned defeated. In order to deal with this situation, the king reached Baba Nath Ji and asked for help, after many requests, the saint agreed to help the king.
With the help of Baba Nath Ji, Maharaja Ranbir Singh succeeded in capturing the Leh and Ladakh region. And whatever expensive jewellery or possessions he collected from Ladakh region, he offered those to the saint but he refused to accept those. As a result, saint suggested the king to construct a temple with this money and thus Ranbireshwar temple came into existence.
Inside the temple premises, there are about 1.25 lakh lingams and the other images of Lord Shiva are the images carved depicting the time of Lord’s marriage. The maintenance of the temple is taken care by the Dharmarth Trust. Most of the people visit this place during Shivratri and on every Monday.
It is also believed that unmarried people who worship Lord Shiva are blessed with marriage at the earliest.