Rich tributes were paid to former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri at Vijay Ghat today on his birth anniversary which coincides with another great Indian Mahatma Gandhi. PM Narendra Modi today visited Vijay Ghat and offered floral tributes to the architect of Indian victory in the 1965 war against Pakistan.
Shastri had the distinction to become the second PM of India after the death of Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1964, and he served the country for almost 20 months as PM before his untimely death in Tashkent. He was quite successful in leading the nation in the 22-day war with Pakistan, and became quote popular after India won the war. Shastri also gave the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’ during the war which brought out the best from people. Shastri signed the historic Tashkent communique with Pakistan in 1966 but died of a heart attack under suspicious circumstances.
Shastri was not only a politician but also a freedom fighter who joined the independence movement in the 1920s, and was greatly moved by Mahatma Gandhi. He became a loyal follower of Gandhi, and also supported Nehru and went on to become a key lieutenant of the Indian Prime Minister getting key departments in the cabinet.
As a PM he followed the policies upheld by Nehru such as non-alignment, and socialism and is known to be a honest, and simple man. He was born in Varanasi to a school teacher father who died when he was just one year old. Shastri was educated at East Central Railway Inter college in Mughalsarai and Varanasi. In his youth, he was influenced by nationalist leaders including Gandhi and Tilak. He had also enrolled himself in the Servants of the People Society which was founded by Lala Lajpat Rai to work for the upliftment of Harijans in Muzzafarpur.
He joined the freedom movement, and participated in the non-cooperation movement for which he was jailed for some time. He actively participated in the namak satyagraha, and went to prison many times. Shastri keenly participated in Quit India movement which was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942, and went to Allahabad to direct the freedom movement which was at a crucial stage. Shastri was arrested in some days, and was put inside jail till 1946. The great Indian leader spend almost 9 years in jail, and during this time read great works, and became familiar with philosophy.
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