Terrorism J&K: 2015 in Retrospect
If we go through all the records and details, the graph of terrorism in the state of Jammu and Kashmir has witnessed an exponential rise and fall this year. On one hand, the terrorist-initiated incidents of violence in the valley were quite less than the previous years, a significant rise was seen in the activities that attracted youth towards militancy.
During the months of April to August, a lot of people in Kashmir were recruited as local terrorists by foreign forces. The terrorists used social media as a tool to lure local youth towards militancy. A terrorist, Burhan Wani, who is most commonly known as the poster boy of Social media campaign of terrorists, began to be known as a youth icon in Kashmir. Proliferation of the Najjar Group during the telecom crisis that hit the Kashmir Valley in June-July this year was also seen as an indicator of the larger role that local terrorists were looking for in the area.
Also, the chairman of Hardline Hurriyat Conference during a recent interview to a local English daily of the state tried to glorify the role of the gun in the so-called “freedom struggle.” He said that the youth with arms have the most important role in the Kashmir movement.
The statement has made it clear that the terror machinery across the border is not very happy with the scale of recruitment in the valley and Geelani has been given the task to build it up further.
On the other side, the mainstream political parties like the National Conference (NC) and the ruling People’s Democratic Party (PDP) played the usual blame game and failed to analyse the reason behind the recruitment in militant outfits to find ways and means to curb the same.
Across the border based terror machinery thought of enhancing local recruitment into its terrorist cadre operating in the Kashmir Valley because of the two reasons. One was that the infiltration of terrorists across the Line of Control (LOC) became hard and second majority of local militants in the terror outfits will give a local flavour that can be exploited in international diplomatic circles.
Districts in South Kashmir remained the home for the terror group Hizbul Mujahideen which is Pakistan based and only local terrorists in its ranks. It is for this reason that most of the local recruitment is taking place in South Kashmir. Also, North Kashmir remained the stronghold of the foreign terror organisations like the Lashkar-e Toiba (LeT).
The identified recruitment base is of educated youth belonging to poor families. They are vulnerable because of lack of opportunity to leverage their education for a decent job. Terrorist organisations are offering a monthly remuneration which attracts those who are in dire need of money.
However, the government agencies and security forces tried to control this fast emerging threat anf attained considerable success. They tracked and put an end to a number of indoctrination activities on the social media by militant groups. The army has put its personal rapport with the people in the remote areas to good use to counter the campaign of misinformation unleashed by the terror machinery.
Army and other security agencies identified the Probable recruits on the basis of their activities and counsel them. They were told that joining the cult of terrorism is un-Islamic and also warned about the adverse affect they would have on their life, their careers and their families by joining militancy.
The forces succeeded and these activities were controlled by the end of the year.
While a fair number of terrorists have been killed by security forces in precise intelligence based encounters, there is no indication of fresh recruitment from among the locals in the months of October, November and December.