The net temperature of Kashmir to increase by 2 degrees by 2030

The net temperature of Kashmir to increase by 2 degrees by 2030

Srinagar, November 14: The experts have revealed that the net temperature of Kashmir is likely to increase by two degree Celsius by the year 2030 and this variation in net temperature will have a terrible effect over the climatic conditions of the region.

As reported by a local daily, the Jammu and Kashmir State Action Plan on Climate Change-prepared by the Climate Change Cell of the State government-states that Kashmir  region is moving towards a strange climatic situation. Its net temperature going up, while there is dip in temperature during winters by around 2.6 degree Celsius.”

The Climate Change Cell of the State government records that the annual temperature of the region is projected to increase from 0.9 +/- 0.6 degree Celsius and this will go upto 2.6 +/- 0.7degree Celsius by 2030.

While making further revelations, the department in its report said that the temperature in winter months will come down. “However, one simulation shows a decrease by 2.6 degree Celsius in October, November and December. The net increase in temperatures ranges from 1.7 to 2.2 degree Celsius with respect to 1970s,” explains the report.

“Climate profile of J&K indicates variation in climate characteristics over the years. There is increase in average temperature in Jammu & Kashmir. Kashmir valley has shown rise of 1.45 degree Celsius and Jammu region 2.32 degree Celsius over the last two decades.” it adds.

The reports also said that the change in climatic conditions will have a very severe impact on the hydropower generation capacity in J&K. The reports said that there are three possible ways in which the climate change will impact the hydropower generation. First, it will change the discharge of a river.

Secondly, it may trigger an unexpected floods and droughts and other extreme climate events and thirdly, it may increase sediment risks.

Also, as per studies studies conducted during the past three decades by the National Institute of Hydrology Roorkee , there is a general receding of the glaciers in Ladakh, Zanskar and the Great Himalayan ranges. In last 30 years, the glacier volume change ranges between 3.6 percent and 97 percent, with majority of glaciers showing a degradation of 17 percent to 25 percent.

“The 23-km Drang-Drung glacier in Zanskar valley is highly affected by western disturbances (ablation rate variations between 0.75 cm/day and 2.67 m/day during July and August),” the report adds.

The reports also mentions that the, maximum temperature of Jammu region has risen by 0.08 degree Celsius per year. The temperature in Himalayan region has risen by 1 degree Celsius since 1970s. Between 1901 and 1996, rainfall has shown a huge variation Kashmir Valley by declining considerably.

It says the reason for all the temperature increase is the emissions of CO2, methane and other greenhouse gases. It has reduced rainfall and there is an increase in the net temperature. There is also a decline in the snowfall and it is effecting the rain-fed agriculture and Horticultural crops like apple.l

A senior official of Climate Change Cell said that there is great need to aware masses  or else it will have a devastating effect on our future. The government has implemented guidelines to reduce emission of CO2 which is a major cause of increasing temperature. There also be a ban on burning of leaves and other things in open as it contributes to the increase in temperature.

Download the U4UVoice App Now:

Leave a Comment