Jammu And Kashmir State comprises of three divisions Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. Though the outsiders or tourists think otherwise and believe that Jammu also witness snowfall and the conditions are turbulent in Jammu division because of the terrorism but local people know that such things do not happen here. Here is an attempt to elaborate the difference between the two divisions:
- Jammu is a Hindu dominated division whereas Kashmir is Muslim dominated division
- Dogri is considered as the language of the Jammu area whereas Urdu is believed to be the state language for Kashmir division
- Jammu is famous for various temples and shrines, thus also known as a “City of Temples” whereas Kashmir division is endowed with nature beauty like mountains and rivers.
- Jammu is the winter capital of the state whereas Srinagar is the summer capital of the state.
- According to the Census 2011, the literacy rate of the Jammu district is about 77.41% whereas the Literacy rate of Srinagar district is 63.47%
- Tourism, farming and cattle rearing are main areas of occupation for the Kashmiris and a major part of their income comes from these spheres. On the other hand, in Jammu region we have businessmen whose major source of income is their shops and industries, they rely on that only. Agriculture cannot be considered as the source of income for them, Although in remote areas people do rely upon farming.
- The total area of Jammu division is about 26,293km2 whereas the Kashmir division has an area of about 15,948 km2.
- There are about 10 districts in Kashmir division namely Anantnag, Kulgam, Pulwama, S, Budgam, Srinagar, Ganderbal, Bandipore, Baramulla and Kupwara. Similarly there are 10 districts under Jammu division-Jammu,Doda, Kishtwar, Rajouri ,Reasi, Udhampur, Ramban, Kathua, Samba and Poonch.
- Kashmir has a large number of tourists’ places which attracts a large chunk of the travellers from all over the world whereas Jammu does not have much highlighted tourist spots which can contribute to our economy. But the Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine is an exception which is visited by millions of devotees from different parts of the country.
- The weather in the Jammu districts stays warm for major part of the year whereas Kashmir witnesses heavy rains and snowfalls.
- People do not prefer coming to the state owing to the tumultuous conditions in the valley, the terrorism has affected the perception of the tourists’ as they worry about the risk associated with travelling. This insight has badly affected the influx of money from tourism sector. Since people do not clearly understand that a 300 km long road separates both the divisions, so they generally consider Jammu division as a militant prone area just like Kashmir.
Talking about infrastructure of the state, we can observe that there are various small scale industries but no big projects or industries are there in the state which forces the youth to move out of the state for livelihood. Despite various differences, both the regions together form the crown of the country and steps should be taken by the government and also at individual levels in order to maintain peace and harmony in the state and to build a pleasant environment for the new generation.