Which are Red, Orange and Green Industries in Jammu and Kashmir?


In order to categorise the industries on severity of pollution J & k State Pollution Control Board has categorized industries in three broad categories viz. Red, Orange and Green in decreasing order of severity of pollution. In this classification, “Red” represents highly polluting industries, ‘Orange’ represents moderately polluting industries and ‘Green’ represents marginally polluting units. This classification helps the common people to understand about pollution as well as prioritization of plans and programmes of pollution control and surveillance according pollution potential of a particular category of industry. The State Board has adopted the following classification in each category of industries/projects.

S. No.  List of Red Category of Industry
1 Airports, and Commercial Air Strips
2 Aluminium smelter
3 Asbestos and asbestos based Industries
4 Automobiles manufacturing (Integrated facilities)
5 Basic Chemicals and electro chemicals and its derivatives including manufacture of acids
6 Creamic, Refractories
7 Cement
8 Chlor Alkali
9 Chlorates, perchlorates and peroxides
10 Chlorine, fluorine, bromine, iodine, and their compounds
11 Coal Washeries
12 Copper Smelter
13 Coke making, liquefaction, coal tar distillation or fuel gas making
14 Common treatment and disposal facilities (Common Effluent Treatment Plant, TSDF, E-Waste recycling, CBMWTF, Effluent Conveyance Project, Incinerators, Solvent/Acid recovery plant, MSW sanitary landfill sites, STP)
15 Distillery including Fermentation industry
16 Dyes and Dye-Intermediates
17 Dry coal processing/ mineral processing, industries involving ore sintering, pallestisation, grinding, pulverization
18 Emulsion of oil & water
19 Fermentation industry including manufacture of yeast, beer, distillation of alcohol (ENA)
20 Fertilizer (basic) (excluding formulation)
21 Ferrous and Non ferrous metal extraction involving different furnaces through melting, refining, reprocessing, casting and alloy making
22 Fibre glass production and processing (Excluding moulding)
23 Fire crackers manufacturing and bulk storage facilities
24 Flacks from rejected PET bottle
25 Fly ash export, transport and disposal facilities
26 Health care establishment (As defined in BMW Rules)
27 Heavy engineering including Ship Building (With investment on Plant & Machineries more than Rs. 10 Crores)
28 Hot mix plants
29 Hotels (3 Star and above) and Hotels having 100 rooms and above
30 Hydrocyanic acid and its derivatives
31 Industrial carbon including electrodes and graphite block, activated carbon, carbon black
32 Industrial  estate/Parks/Complexes/areas/export processing zones/SEZs/Biotech Parks/leather Complex
33 Industrial inorganic gases namely:-
a) Chemical gases: Acetylene, hydrogen, chlorine, fluorine, ammonia, sulphur dioxide, ethylene, hydrogen sulphide, phosphine

b) Hydrocarbon gases: Methane, ethane, propane

34 Industries engaged in recycling/reprocessing/
recovery/reuse of Hazardous Waste under schedule IV of Hazardous Waste (M, H & TBM) Rules, 2008 and its amendments.
35 Industry or process involving founday operations
36 Industry or process involving metal surface treatment or process such as pickling plating/ electroplating/ paint stripping / heat treatment/ phosphating or finishing and anodizing/ enamelling/ galvanizing.
37 Iron and steel (involving processing from ore/ integrated steel plants and or Sponge Iron Units).
38 Isolated storage of Hazardous chemicals (as per schedule of manufacturing, Storage & Import of Hazardous Chemicals, Rules, 1989 as amended.
39 Lead acid battery manufacturing (excluding assembling & charging of acid lead battery in micro scale (Rs < 25 Lakhs
40 Lime manufacturing (Using Lime Kiln)
41 Manufacturing of Explosives, detonators, fuses including management and  handling activities,
42 Manufacturing of Glass
43 Manufacturing of  Glue and gelatin
44 Manufacturing of Lubricating oils, greases or petroleum  based products
45 Manufacturing of Paints, Varnishes, pigments and intermediate (excluding  blending/mixing)
46 Manufacturing of Starch/ Saggo
47 Milk processing and dairy products (integrated project)
48 Mineral stack yards/ Railway sidings
49 Mining and ore benification
50 New Highway construction projects
51 Non alcoholic beverage (soft drink) and bottling of alcoholic/non-alcoholic products (capital investment on plant & machinery >Rs 1 crore)
52 Nuclear Power Plants
53 Oil and Gas extraction including CBM (offshore & onshore extraction through drilling wells)
54 Oil and gas transportation pipeline
55 Oil Refinery (Mineral Oil or Petro Refineries)
56 Organic chemicals manufacturing
57 Parboiled rice mills(more than 10 TPD)
58 Pesticides (Technical)(excluding formulation)
59 Petrochemicals (Manufacture of and not merely use of as raw material)
60 Pharmaceuticals (excluding formulation).
61 Pulp and Paper (paper manufacturing with or without pulping)
62 Phosphate rock processing plant
63 Phosphorous and its compounds
64 Photographic films and its chemicals
65 Ports & Harbours, Jetties and Dredging Operations
66 Power Generation Plants [Except Wind, Solar and Mini Hydel Power plants of capacity (<25 MW) and D.G. set of capacity> 5 MVA)
67 Processes involving chlorinated hydrocarbons
68 Railway Locomotive workshops / Integrated Road transport workshop/ Authorized service centers
69 Reprocessing’ of used oils and waste oils
70 Ship breaking activities
71 Slaughter houses (As per the notification S.O.270(E) dated 26.03.2001) and meat processing industries, bone mill, processing of animal horns. hoofs and other body parts
72 Steel and steel products using various furnaces like blast furnaces/ open hearth furnace/ induction furnace/ arc furnace/ submerged arc furnace /basic oxygen furnace /hot rolling using reheating furnace
73 Stone crushers
74 Sugar (excluding Khandsari)
75 Surgical and medical products involving prophylactics and latex
76 Synthetic detergents and soaps (excluding formulation)
77 Synthetic fibres including rayon, tyre cord, polyester filament yarn
78 Synthetic resins
79 Synthetic rubber excluding molding
80 Tanneries
81 Thermal Power Plants
82 Tobacco products including cigarettes and tobacco/ opium processing
83 Vegetable oils including solvent extraction and refinery/ hydrogenated oils
84 Yarn/ textile processing involving any effluent/ emission-generating process, bleaching, dyeing, printing and scouring
85 Zinc Smelter
Also Read:

Note:   1.       Any industries /Industrial activity which is not covered in above list   having coal fired boiler with steam generation capacity more than 5 T/hr will be covered under Red Category.

Sr. No. Table-B : List of Green Category of Industry
          1 Assembling of Acid lead battery (up to 10 batteries per day excluding lead plate casting)
2 Aluminum utensils from aluminum circles
3 Assembly of air coolers/conditioners, repairing and servicing
4 Assembly of bicycles, baby carriage and other small non-motorised vehicles
5 Automobile fuel outlet (only dispensing)
6 Ayurvedic and Homeopathic medicine (without boiler)
7 Bailing (hydraulic press) of waste water
8 Bakery/Confectionery/Sweets production (with production capacity < 1 TPD with oil, gas or  electrical oven)
9 Bio fertilizer & bio-pesticide without using inorganic chemicals
10 Biomass Briquettes (sun drying) without using toxic or hazardous wastes
11 Biscuit trays etc. from rolled PVC sheet (using automatic vaccum forming machine)
12 Blending and Packaging of Tea
13 Blending of melamine resins & different powder, additives by physical mixing
14 Block making for printing without foundry (excluding wooden block making)
15 Brass & Bell metal utensils manufacturing from circle (without re-Rolling facility)
16 Candy
17 Cardboard or corrugated box and paper products (excluding paper or pulp manufacturing and without using boiler)
18 Carpentry and wooden furniture manufacturing (excluding saw mill) with the help of electrical (motorized) machines such as electric wood planner, steel saw cutting circular blade etc.
19 Cement products (without using Asbestos) like pipe, pillar, jafri, well ring, blocks/tiles etc. (should be done under closed covered shed to control fugitive emissions) [only industrial scale]
20 Ceramic colour manufacturing (not using boiler and  wastewater recycling process)
21 Chalk making from plaster of Paris.
22 Chilling plant and Ice making without use of ammonia
23 Coated electrode manufacturing
24 Compact disc, computer floppy & cassette manufacturing
25 Compressed oxygen gas from crude liquid  oxygen
26 CO2 recovery
27 Cotton and woolen hosiery making (SSI & Cottage industries)
28 Cotton spinning & weaving (small scale)
29 Decoration of ceramic cups & plates by electric furnace
30 Diesel Generator sets (15 KVA to 1 MVA)
31 Diesel pump repairing & servicing
32 Distilled water
33 Electric lamp (bulb) manufacturing (small scale)
34 Electrical & electronic items assembling
35 Flavoured bettle nut production/grinding
36 Flour mills (dry process)
37 Fly ash bricks/blocks manufacturing
38 Fountain pen manufacturing
39 Glass ampules & vials making from glass tubes
40 Glass putty and sealant
41 Glass, ceramic, earthen potteries and tile manufacturing using electrical kiln or not involving fossil fuel kilns
42 Gold and Silver smithy (purification with acid, smelting operation and sulfuric acid polishing operation) (using less than or equal to 1 litre of Sulphuric Acid / Nitric Acid per month)
43 Groundnut decorticating (dry)
44 Handloom/ Carpet weaving (without dyeing and bleaching operation)
45 Hotels(up to 20 rooms)
46 Insulation and other coated papers (excluding paper or pulp manufacturing) manufacturing
47 Jobbing and machining
48 Leather cutting and stitching (more than 10 machines and using motor)
49 Leather footwear and leather products (excluding tanning and hide processing) (except cottage scale)
50 Lubricating oils, greases or petroleum based products (only blending at normal temperature)
51 Manufacturing of coir items from coconut husk
52 Manufacturing of metal caps containers etc.
53 Manufacturing of optical lenses (using electrical furnace)
54 Manufacturing of pasted veneers without using boiler or Thermic Fluid Heater or by sundering
55 Manufacturing of shoe brush & wire brush
56 Manufacturing of silica gel (without furnace)
57 Medical oxygen
58 Mineralized water
59 Oil mill ghani & extraction (no hydrogenation/refining)
60 Organic and inorganic nutrients (by physical mixing)
61 Organic Manure (Manual Mixing)
62 Paints and Varnishes (Mixing and Blending) (without ball mill)
63 Packing of powdered milk
64 Paper pins and U-clips
65 Phenyl/ Toilet cleaner formulation & Bottling
66 Reel manufacturing
67 Polythene & plastic processed products manufacturing (virgin plastics)
68 Poultry, hatchery, Piggery
69 Power looms (without dyeing and bleaching)
70 Printing press
71 Ready mix cement concrete
72 Reprocessing of waste cotton
73 Rope (Cotton & Plastic)
74 Rubber goods industry (with baby boiler only)
75 Scientific and mathematical instruments manufacturing
76 Soap manufacturing (Handmade without steam boiling)
78 Solar module (Non conventional energy apparatus) manufacturing unit
79 Solar power generation through solar photovoltic cell, wind power & mini hydel power (< 25 MW)
80 Spice grinding: (20 HP motor)
81 Steel furniture without spray painting
82 Steeping and processing of grains
83 Surgical and medical products not involving effluent/emission generating processes
84 Synthetic detergent formulation
85 Teflon based products
86 Tyres and tubes retreading (without boiler)


Sr. No.  List of Orange Category of Industry
1 Almirah, Grill manufacturing
2 Aluminium and copper extraction from scrap using oil fired furnace
3 Automobile servicing, repairing and painting (excluding only fuel dispensing)
4 Ayurvedic and Homeopathic medicine
5 Bakery and confectionery units with production capacity > 1 TPD
6 Biaxially oriented PP film alongwith metalizing operation
7 Brickfields (excluding fly ash brick manufacturing using lime process)
8 Building & construction projects more than 20,000 Sq mtr built up area
9 Cashew nut processing
10 Chanachur and ladoo from puffed and beaten rice (muri and chira) using husk fired oven
11 Chilling plant, cold storage and Ice making
12 Coffee seed processing
13 Coke briquetting (sun drying)
14 Cotton spinning and weaving (medium and large scale)
15 Cutting, sizing and polishing of marble stones
16 Dairy and dairy products (small scale) (capital investment on plant & machinery (<=”” p=””>
17 Dal Mills
18 DG set of capacity >1 MVA but <  5MVA)
19 Digital printing on PVC cloth
20 Dismantling of rolling stocks (wagons/coaches)
21 Dry cell battery (excluding manufacturing of electrodes) & assembling and charging of acid lead battery in micro scale (<25 Lakhs)
22 Emery powder (fine dust of sand ) manufacturing
23 Engineering and fabrication units (with investment on Plant & Machineries<=”” span=””>
24 Excavation of sand from the river bed (excluding manual excavation)
25 Facility of handling, storage and transportation of food grains in bulk.
26 Fertiliser (granulation and formulation only)
27 Fish feed, poultry feed and cattle feed
28 Fish processing and packing (excluding chilling of fish )
29 Foam manufacturing
30 Food & food processing including fruits and vegetable processing
31 Forging of ferrous & non-ferrous metal (using oil or gas fired boiler)
32 Formulation /Palletization of camphor tablets, naphthalene balls from camphor/ naphthalene powder
33 Glass, ceramic, earthen potteries and tile manufacturing  using oil or gas fired kiln, Coating on glasses using cerium fluoride, magnesium fluoride etc.
34 Glue from starch (physical mixing)
35 Gravure printing, digital printing on flex, vinyl
36 Heat treatment using oil fired furnace (excluding cyaniding)
37 Hotels (Less than 3 star) or hotels having >20 rooms and  less  than 100 rooms
38 Ice cream
39 Infrastructure  development project
40 Jute processing without dyeing
41 Liquid floor cleaner, black phenyl, liquid soap, glycerol monostearate manufacturing
42 Manufacture  of mirror from sheet  glass
43 Manufacturing of iodized salt from crude/raw salt.
44 Manufacturing  of mosquito repellent coil
45 Manufacturing of tooth powder, toothpaste, talcum powder and other cosmetic items
46 Machanized laundry using oil fired boiler
47 Modular wooden furniture from particle board, MDF, swan timber etc, Celling tiles/partition Board from saw dust, wood chips etc. & other agricultural waste using synthetic adhesive resin, wooden box making
48 Packing material manufacturing from non asbestos fibre vegetable fibre yarn,
49 Paint blending & mixing (Ball mill)
50 Pharmaceutical formulation and for R&D purpose (for sustained release/extended release of drugs only and not for commercial purpose)
51 Plyboard Mfg (including veneer & laminate) with oil fired boiler/thermic fluid heater (without resin plant)
52 Potable alcohol (IMFL) by blending, bottling of alcoholic products (capital investment on plant & machinery < Rs 1 crore)
53 Power press
54 Printing ink manufacturing
55 Printing or etching of glass sheet using hydrofluoric acid
56 Producer gas plant using conventional up-drift coal gasification (linked to rolling mills, glass and ceramic industry, refractories for dedicated fuel supply)
57 Pulverisation of bamboo and scrap wood
58 Repairing of electric motor & generator
59 Reprocessing of waste plastic (excluding PVC)
60 Rice mill less than 10 TPD & rice hullers
61 Rolling Mills (oil or gas fired) and cold Rolling mill
62 Saw mill
63 Seasoning of wood in steam heated chamber
64 Silk screen printing, Saree printing by wooden blocks
65 Spice grinding (>20 HP motor)
66 Spray painting, paint baking, paint stripping
67 Tamarind powder manufacturing
68 Tea Processing
69 Thermocol manufacturing
70 Thermometer making
71 Transformer repairing /manufacturing
72 Tyres and tubes vulcanization/hot retreading
73 Wire drawing & Wire netting