Why J&K could not develop despite huge funds from Centre?


As Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated and changed over into two Union Territories, a noteworthy viewpoint featured by Union Home Minister Amit Shah was that the past state had neglected to observe the required improvement in spite of tremendous measures of central funds and endowments to the tune of around Rs 2,74,000 crore being given there over decades.

The state has been getting endowments and grants under different heads, including for advancement of industry and the travel industry, making of framework and improvement of social insurance administrations.

The central help, for the most part, represented almost 55 percent of the all-out incomes and around 45 percent of the use of the state. Also, there have been claims by leaders of Jammu and Ladakh that the greater part of the central assets were usurped by leaders in Kashmir and did not arrive at their areas.

This, truth be told, was a noteworthy explanation for a long-standing interest in Ladakh for an award of Union Territory status by delinking the desert area from Kashmir. The individuals of Ladakh have been keeping up that their area couldn’t observe advancement as “Kashmir-driven” governments in Srinagar did not give satisfactory assets.

Jamyang Tsering Namgyal, a young BJP MP from Ladakh, verbalized a similar feeling in the Lok Sabha on Tuesday and said that the amendment of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir would hurt principally “two families”, an induction to Abdullahs and Muftis.

Indeed, even in Kashmir and Jammu, citizens have been grumbling that the advantages of central government plans and assets don’t reach them.

Shah, while talking in the Lok Sabha, said, the Modi government chose to embrace the “new” approach of bifurcating the province of Jammu and Kashmir and closures its exceptional status as the old methodology has not helped in its improvement regardless of enormous sums being given by the Center over decades.

In 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had declared a colossal single package of Rs 80,000 crore for Jammu and Kashmir. Half of it was intended for structure of road and improvement of roadways while Rs 7,854 crore was for help and restoration for loss due to floods in 2014, Rs 2,241 crore was intended for the travel industry advancement and Rs 4,900 crore was for human services advancement. Different assets were for different other advancement ventures.

Prior, in 2004, the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had reported a package of Rs 28,000 crore for the state. Throughout the decades, the state has additionally gotten a great many crores of rupees for Dal Development Programs, however, the famous lake in Srinagar keeps on being wrecked.

As per the Home Ministry information, repayments under this head included Rs 1185 crore in 2016-17, Rs 330 crore in 2015-16, Rs 290 crore in 2014-15, Rs 286.80 crore in 2013-14, Rs 259.78 crore in 2012-13, Rs 342.27 in 2011-12, Rs 457.78 crore in 2010-11, Rs 166.07 crore in 2009-10, Rs 396.42 crore in 2008-09, Rs 163.07 crore in 2007-08, Rs 167.53 crore in 2006-07, Rs 115.76 crore in 2005-06, Rs 147.63 crore in 2004-05, Rs 245.94 crore in 2003-04, Rs 226.28 crore in 2002-03, Rs 249.71 crore in 2001-02 and Rs 196.38 crore in 2000-01.

Jammu and Kashmir additionally has been getting central assets under the UDAAN scheme which targets skill development and upgrade employability of jobless youth who are graduate, postgraduate or three-year engineering diploma holders. The budget affirmed for this by the Union Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on July 7, 2011, is Rs 1000 crore, out of which the Union Home Ministry’s offer is Rs 750 crore.

Real blunders in angles like planning, investment funds, and excess expenditure are there. The anticipated reserve funds were either not given up or gave up toward the year’s end, leaving no extension for using these assets for other advancement purposes.