World AIDS day – Know AIDS for No AIDS, a statistical analysis from Jammu and Kashmir

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DID YOU KNOW?

Also Read:
  • In Jammu and Kashmir, According to the NACO statistics 2012-2013 of state-wise number of General Clients tested for HIV- there was a total of 13823 clients out of which 325 were found positive
  • In 2013 to 2014 records of NACO for  HIV testing, 10,123 pregnant women were tested, out of which 15 were positive.
  • In Jammu and Kashmir, there are mere 2 functional ART centres out of the total of 25 centres throughout the country.
  • By the end of October 2014, NACO has 2912 registered cases of HIV positive, out of which 1694 are under active care, yet to be eligible for the treatment and 1310 are alive and undergoing the treatment, out of which 638 are females and 75 are children
  • The AIDS epidemic claims an estimated 2 million lives each year, of which about 270,000 are children.
  • India has the third highest number of estimated people living with HIV in the world.
  • Transgenders and the possible role of bridge population including high-risk migrants, is evidently fuelling the HIV epidemic, emerging as a risk group with high vulnerability and high levels of HIV.

 HIV

KNOW AIDS

AIDS- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome-a disease spectrum of the human immune system caused by infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Following initial infection, a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness, typically followed by a prolonged period  without symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more and more with the immune system, making the person more susceptible to common infections, as well as tumors that do not usually affect people who have working immune systems. The late symptoms of the infection are referred to as AIDS. This stage is often complicated by lung infection, severe weight loss, a type of cancer known as Kaposi’s sarcoma, or other AIDS-defining conditions.

HOW HIV SPREADS

HIV  is transmitted primarily via unprotected sexual intercourse, contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. There are mainly three routes- sexual contact, exposure to infected body fluids or tissues, or through vertical transmission.

HOW HIV DOESNT SPREAD

There is no risk of acquiring HIV if exposed to feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, or vomit unless these are contaminated with blood. You can help people with HIV eat, dress, even bathe, without becoming infected yourself, as long as you follow the steps to protect yourself.

WORLD AIDS DAY- PREVENTION, CARE AND SUPPORT

December 1, every year is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic, and mourning those who have dies of the disease. Government and health officials, non-governmental organizations and individuals around the world observe this say, often with education on AIDS prevention and control. Consistent condom use reduce the risk of HIV transmission by approximately 80% over the long term. Universal precautions within the health care environment are believed to be effective in decreasing the risk of HIV. Programs to prevent the vertical transmission of HIV can reduce rates of transmission by 92-99%, which primarily involves the use of a combination of antiviral medications during pregnancy and after birth in the infant.

JOIN HANDS AND UNITE FOR AN AIDS FREE WORLD

So shun the myths related to AIDS, join hands in support because ‘ye choone se nahi failta’ and unite to step towards an AIDS free world.

“HIV does not make people dangerous to know, so you can shake their hands and give them a hug: Heaven knows they need it.”