Two million more people could be affected with diabetes in the next five years, thanks to the national obesity crisis. The total number of people with pre-diabetes have increase to two million in a year, from an average of 1.3 million. Pre-diabetes is a condition in which one is at the brink of developing type 2 diabetes and must take urgent action to prevent it. These alarming figures were released by National Health Service, England. The NHS began recording cases of pre-diabetes two years ago.
According to the latest figures, 1,969,610 people are suffering from the condition. Around 5.6% of these people are under the age of 40 and 42% are middle-aged, between the ages 40 and 64. According to professor Mike Lean, these numbers represent a “a slippery slope”. According to him, the numbers are huge and are only getting higher. These two million are the tip of the iceberg, he said.
How to prevent type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
1. You need to refrain from consuming refined sugar in all forms. Also, stay away from refined carbs to prevent diabetes. Both of these result in rapid release of sugar in the bloodstream, putting you at risk of diabetes.
2. Exercising regularly and including strength training in your daily routine can regulate blood sugar levels and reduce risk of developing diabetes. Exercise improves insulin sensitivity of your cells. When you exercise, you need lesser insulin to keep your blood sugar levels under control.
Being regular at exercising is important to keep diabetes away
3. If you are overweight or obese, then you are at risk of diabetes. Weight loss is therefore important for you to prevent diabetes and prediabetes. A healthy diet combined with regular exercise is the most effective and sustainable way to lose weight.
4. Quit smoking as it increases risk of numerous deadly diseases. Smoking and being exposed to second-hand smoke has been linked to development of type 2 diabetes.
5. Take care of your portion sizes to prevent diabetes. It is also an effective way to keep your weight under check. Eating too much food at a time can result in high blood sugar and insulin in people with diabet
6. Include more fibre-rich foods as they can prevent sudden spike in blood sugar levels. Fibrous foods like fresh fruits and vegetables can be beneficial for your gut health and weight management.
7. Avoid sedentary lifestyle behaviours like regular consumption of alcohol, sitting at one place for long periods of time, etc. Avoid consuming processed, packaged, junk and deep fried foods as much as possible.