Jain’s Paryushan Parva

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The Jain community celebrates many religious events every year but Paryushan Parva is organized every year in the auspicious month of Bhadrpad of Hindu calendar from the fifth to the fourteenth day of the bright fortnight. The Parva began this year on August 22, and for the next ten day the Jains are expected to observe the ten supreme virtues in every day practical life. During this period all members of the community will listen to the holy sermons, and will also leave behind all activities which bring discord in life. This week the people will also follow in letter and spirit the lofty Jain motto of Live and Let Live.

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This parva is celebrated for self-purification and uplift by adhering to the ten universal spiritual values which would lead us to salvation. This is the celebration through which the karmic matter attached to the soul is totally burnt or vanquished (both internally and externally) is known Paryushan i.e., self-purification.

Most the people from Jain community observe fast, and ekasan and follow rituals as per religious traditions. The fasting period could be anything between a day or extended to 30 days. In the Digambra sect, the Shravakas do not take food or water for more than once in day while members of the Svetambra sect survive only on boiled water.

On all the eight or ten days of this festival, Jains start their day with meditation in the morning, followed by prayers for peace, and brotherhood called Pratikramana. It means turning back, whereas the people reflect on their spiritual journey and faiths. It also involves perodic meditation, once evey lunar phase, every four months or every year. The annual Pratikramana is minimum which the Jainas can follow in a year and it is called Samvatsari Pratikramana.

At the conclusion of the festival, the Sravakas request each other for forgiveness for all offences committed during the year. Forgiveness is asked by telling “Micchami Dukkadam” or “Uttam Kshama” to each other. It means “If I have caused you offence in any way, knowingly or unknowingly, in thought word or deed, then I seek your forgiveness”.

Dashlakshana Vrata: The ten lakshan of Dharma which are followed during this period include Uttam Kshama (forbearance), Uttam Mardava (gentleness), Uttam Aarjava (uprightness), Uttam Satya (truth), Uttam Shauch (purity), Uttam Sanyam (restraint), Uttam Tap (austerity), Uttam Tyaga (renunciation), Uttam Aakinchanya (lack of possession) and Uttam Brahmcharya (chastity).

The Dash Lakshan Parva has been celebrated for the last hundreds years in which followers of the Jaina religion take up austerities viz. self-meditation, doing penance, fasting and study of holy scriptures. The householders cleanse their soul and life by fasting and holding religious ceremonies. When the ten day celebration is, over, the festival leaves behind a lasting impression on the minds of Jainas.

At the conclusion of the festival, the Sravakas request each other for forgiveness for all offences committed during the year. Forgiveness is asked by telling “Micchami Dukkadam” or “Uttam Kshama” to each other. It means “If I have caused you offence in any way, knowingly or unknowingly, in thought word or deed, then I seek your forgiveness”.

Dashlakshana Vrata: The ten lakshan of Dharma which are followed during this period include Uttam Kshama (forbearance), Uttam Mardava (gentleness), Uttam Aarjava (uprightness), Uttam Satya (truth), Uttam Shauch (purity), Uttam Sanyam (restraint), Uttam Tap (austerity), Uttam Tyaga (renunciation), Uttam Aakinchanya (lack of possession) and Uttam Brahmcharya (chastity).

The Dash Lakshan Parva has been celebrated for the last hundreds years in which followers of the Jaina religion take up austerities viz. self-meditation, doing penance, fasting and study of holy scriptures. The householders cleanse their soul and life by fasting and holding religious ceremonies. When the ten day celebration is, over, the festival leaves behind a lasting impression on the minds of Jainas.